Volkswagen Canada is presenting one of the world’s most efficient automobiles at the Canadian International Auto Show in Toronto: the Jetta Hybrid. Powering the all-new model is a high-tech turbocharged gasoline engine mated to a zero-emissions electric motor. Impressive driving performance combines with fuel consumption which is about 20 percent less than a similarly-powered sedan with a conventional drivetrain. In city traffic, the fuel economy advantage climbs to over 30 percent. In addition, the Jetta Hybrid can be driven in pure electric mode at speeds of up to 70 km/h and for up to almost 2 kilometers depending on operating conditions.
For the first time in Canada, Volkswagen is using its acclaimed 1.4-liter turbocharged gasoline powerplant. Weighing just 216 pounds, the four-cylinder engine develops 150 horsepower and produces 184 pound-feet of torque from just 1400 rpm up to 3500 rpm. Combined with the 20 kW (27 hp) electric motor, the system ensures that the new Jetta Hybrid is a genuinely sporty vehicle.
A lithium-ion battery supplies the energy to the electric motor . The compact 220-volt, 1.1 kWh battery is integrated behind the rear bench seat and weighs less than 80 lb. The battery consists of 60 individual cells with a combined energy capacity of 5 Ah. The battery also has its own management system that performs safety, diagnostic, and monitoring functions as well as temperature management. The battery is disconnected when it’s not in use or if the car is involved in a collision.
Power is taken to the front wheels via a seven-speed DSG® dual-clutch transmission that operates automatically and efficiently, as well as providing super-fast shifting. At 163 lb, the DSG transmission weighs significantly less than a conventional automatic and is also much more compact in its construction. A clutch decouples the gasoline engine from the drivetrain when in pure electric drive or coasting modes.
Thanks to its lightweight drive components, the weight of the Jetta Hybrid was only increased by 221 lb despite the addition of a battery system. The car weighs in at less than 3310 lb, which is low for a hybrid vehicle.
When the battery of the Jetta Hybrid is sufficiently charged, the Jetta Hybrid can be driven over a distance of up to almost 2 kilometers in pure electric mode, with zero emissions. The Jetta Hybrid works as a pure electric vehicle up to 60 km/h if the electric motor is engaged automatically, or up to 70 km/h if the driver presses the E-mode button to the right of the shift lever. About a third of the potential fuel savings in the Jetta Hybrid comes through electric driving.
Like other hybrid vehicles, the Jetta Hybrid uses regenerative braking, feeding kinetic energy into the battery to be stored as electrical energy that can be used in the electric drive mode or for boosting the powertrain’s overall performance. In the Jetta Hybrid this is achieved more efficiently because when the driver releases the gas pedal prior to braking the decoupling clutch disengages the engine. When the driver begins to slow the car down, all the retardation is done by the brakes rather than a combination of the brakes, drivetrain drag, and engine torque. This means that more kinetic energy is released back into the battery. - 3 -
The gasoline engine is stopped as soon as the car comes to a halt in city driving or stop-and-go traffic, provided that the driver presses the brake pedal and that the battery is sufficiently charged. The heating, air conditioning and electrically operated comfort and convenience features, such as the audio system, continue to operate. Unlike conventional hybrid systems, when the Jetta Hybrid’s gasoline engine is stopped, the engine is disengaged via the decoupling clutch to give a pure electric drive mode when the car moves off again—provided that the battery is sufficiently charged.
As soon as the driver releases the accelerator pedal at speeds of up to 130 km/h, the TSI® engine shuts down and is decoupled from the drivetrain to eliminate driveline drag and the effects of the engine’s torque. This results in further fuel savings.
With the lever in the "S" position or in the manual shift gate, the drive system reacts to heavy throttle inputs by applying the maximum amount of propulsive power. In these situations, the power of the electric motor and the gasoline engine combine to provide the peak output of 170 hp.
On spirited drives or when battery capacity is low, the Jetta Hybrid is powered by just the TSI engine. In certain situations, the operation of the TSI engine is also optimized for efficiency. Excess power from the engine can be used to charge the high-voltage battery via the electric motor, which acts as a generator in this case. These so-called active charging phases are interspersed with electric driving phases to realize the optimal fuel economy.
All relevant hybrid drivetrain information can be displayed within the multifunctional digital display on the Jetta Hybrid’s instrument cluster. Under the ‘Hybrid’ menu, the active drive mode is displayed in an energy flow diagram, and the direction of energy flow is visualized in the form of arrows. The battery charge state is shown on the same screen. Directly below the energy flow diagram is what is known as the ePower meter.
This indicates the relative power of the electric motor. The ePower meter is only active in "electric driving," E-mode,™ and "Boost" operating modes.
An additional multifunctional display that replaces the tachometer on the left side of the instrument cluster informs the driver of the momentary operating state of the Jetta Hybrid. These states are:
* A general readiness to drive ("Ready")
* Battery regeneration ("Charge")
* Eco-conscious driving mode ("Eco")
* Boosting ("Boost")
* Driving only with the TSI internal combustion engine ("Off")
Electric operation, whether selected automatically or manually by the driver, is also indicated in the instruments (E-mode).
The audio system’s display also plays a role in informing the driver of what is happening. When the goal is maximum economy, the audio display’s ‘Zero emissions’ menu offers a graphic of the car’s zero emissions driving time. The zero emissions values are shown in the form of percentages in a bar diagram, where the measurement interval of one bar represents one minute of driving. A value of 100 percent means that the car was driven with zero emissions throughout the driving minute, i.e., with the TSI engine shut off. The effective time period for this is 30 minutes.
Visually the Jetta Hybrid is distinguished by aerodynamic modifications that include a new front airdam, a rear diffuser, and an integrated rear spoiler. As a result, the Hybrid’s Cd is 10 percent lower than that of the stock Jetta. In addition, the Jetta Hybrid is equipped with special lightweight alloy wheels with all-season tires optimized for low rolling resistance. Other distinguishing features include a special radiator grille where the VW logo is integrated on a blue background. The new model is also identified by Hybrid signatures on the grille, front fenders, and rear deck.
The Jetta Hybrid is the quietest car Volkswagen has ever produced in the compact sedan class, thanks to a newly designed exhaust system, an acoustically optimized windshield, and thicker front side windows.
Standard safety equipment for all Jetta models includes Electronic Stability Control (ESC), anti-lock brakes (ABS), and six airbags (driver and front passenger airbags, front side thorax airbags and Side Curtain Protection® airbags front and rear).